Peripheral Arterial Disease, commonly known as PAD, is a vascular condition that occurs when arteries that supply blood to the body become narrowed or blocked. PAD is most common in the legs and feet, although PAD can be diagnosed in any artery (aside from those that go to the brain or heart). All forms of arterial disease are caused by the same underlying risk factors. These include: high cholesterol, especially LDL (low density lipoproteins), which is the fuel that drives fatty deposits in the walls of arteries and causes narrowing and blockage; high blood pressure or hypertension; diabetes; obesity; and smoking.
PAD symptoms vary:
If you have any recognizable symptoms or multiple risk factors for PAD, you should seek consultation with a vascular specialist. With the presence of these risk factors, all arteries in the body are at risk for blockage. Therefore, if you have PAD, you may also have CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) and/or CVD (Cerebrovascular Disease).
The goal of PAD treatment is to restore blood flow to the affected area of the body (typically the legs and feet).
If you have an arterial blockage in one of your legs and have no symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. In some cases PAD can be managed with medications for high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol etc. If you do have significant symptoms from PAD, treatment may be warranted.
In the past, PAD was treated with bypass surgery, which required general anesthesia, hospitalization for several days, a large incision, and a major surgical procedure. Now, most cases of PAD are treatable with Beach Wellness MD’s minimally invasive FLOW treatments.
Our advanced, minimally invasive PAD treatments include:
A tiny needle is inserted into the femoral artery over the hip; images of the arteries are obtained with an injection of contrast dye
A blocked artery is opened with inflation of a balloon
A blocked artery is opened with implantation of a stent to keep the artery open
A blocked artery is opened with various devices that remove the plaque and fat deposits blocking the artery
Our various PAD treatments are performed as outpatient office procedures, allowing you to go home the same day. After the procedure, which generally takes 1-2 hours, patients recover in the office for 2-4 hours. You should plan to arrive for treatment in the morning and go home in the afternoon. You may resume light activities in 24 hours, but should avoid heavy activity for 1 week (no lifting heavy objects, and no exercise beyond walking).